What is it?
They are groups of vowels and semivowels with no intermediate consonants. It is important to recognize them in order to correctly divide words into syllables and pronounce them correctly.
When to use
When you’re pronouncing words with two or more vowels.
A ditongo happens when two vowels are in the same syllable.
All vowels are pronounced in Portuguese. Even though audio (en) and áudio (pt) seem like the same word, they have different pronunciations.
A hiato happens when two vowels are in the same word but different syllables.
You can think of it as in the word coin.
A tritongo happens when three vowels are together in a word. It’s not as common as ditongos and hiatos.
Note how countries (e.g. Uruguai) are capitalize but nationalities aren’t (e.g. uruguaio) in Portuguese.
How is it different from English? WIP
In Portuguese, the sounds of each vowel is more clear and separate than in English, especially when ditongo and hiato happens.
Let’s practice with repetition:
Repeat the words below after me:
- mãe mother (ditongo)
- poesia poetry (hiato)
- Uruguai Uruguay (tritongo)
- pai father (ditongo)
- juiz judge (hiato)
- averiguar to check (tritongo)
- áudio audio (ditongo)
- raiz root (hiato)
- iguais equal (tritongo)
- peixe fish (ditongo)
- saída exit (hiato)
- uruguaio Uruguayan (tritongo)