A1. The present is a present

Tags
grammar
Description
A quick overview of the present tense in Portuguese.
Notes
Status
Complete

Presente do indicativo is how we call the simple present in Portuguese.

When to use

Presente do Indicativo is a verb tense used to speak of an action that occurs at the moment of speech. Thus, it allows us to situate the present tense indicating a habitual action, a truth or characteristics of the subject.

How is it different from English?

It works exactly as Simple Present in English. In Brazilian Portuguese, people tend to use more the gerund than simple present in day to day conversations we don’t use it as often as gerund (-ing) in regular conversations.

GERUND

I am walking → Eu estou andando

We are running → Nós estamos correndo

She's smiling → Ela está sorrindo

SIMPLE PRESENT

I walk → Eu ando

We run → Nós corremos

She smiles → Ela sorri

💡

You need to remember that in Portuguese all verbs end with -AR, -ER or -IR, so it's important to memorize conjugation for three different endings.

How to conjugate regular verbs ending with -AR:

SUBJECT

EU

VOCÊ/A GENTE/ELE(A)

ELE/ELA/A GENTE

ELES/VOCÊS

FALAR (to talk)

FALO

FALA

FALAMOS

FALAM

CANTAR( to sing)

CANTO

CANTA

CANTAMOS

CANTAM

Presente do Indicativo -AR: Cheat Sheet

SUBJECT

EU

VOCÊ/A GENTE/ELE(A)

NÓS

ELES/VOCÊS

CONJUGATION ENDING

-O

-A

-AMOS

-AM

💡

When conjugating in the plural (vocês/eles), just add the letter M on the conjugation for VOCÊ

How to conjugate regular verbs ending with -ER:

SUBJECT

EU

VOCÊ/A GENTE/ELE(A)

ELE/ELA/A GENTE

ELES/VOCÊS

COMER (to eat)

COMO

COME

COMEMOS

COMEM

CORRER (to run)

CORRO

CORRE

CORREMOS

CORREM

Presente do Indicativo -ER: Cheat Sheet

SUBJECT

EU

VOCÊ/A GENTE/ELE(A)

NÓS

ELES/VOCÊS

CONJUGATION ENDING

-O

-E

-EMOS

-EM

How to conjugate regular verbs ending with -IR:

SUBJECT

EU

VOCÊ/A GENTE/ELE(A)

ELE/ELA/A GENTE

ELES/VOCÊS

PARTIR (to leave)

PARTO

PARTE

PARTIMOS

PARTEM

DIVIDR (to divide)

DIVIDO

DIVIDE

DIVIDIMOS

DIVIDEM

Presente do Indicativo -IR: Cheat Sheet

SUBJECT

EU

VOCÊ/A GENTE/ELE(A)

NÓS

ELES/VOCÊS

CONJUGATION ENDING

-O

-E

-IMOS

-EM

💡

Notice that -ER and -IR verb conjugations are very similar for this verb tense